United Nations, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, has called on member states to ensure that the rights of millions of men, women and children who flee their homes each year are protected wherever they are.
Ban in a message on World Refugee Day, observed every year on June 20, said;“We must stand together with the millions of men, women and children, to ensure that their rights and dignity are protected wherever they are, and that solidarity and compassion are at the heart of our collective response”.
He said the day is a moment for taking stock of the devastating impact of war and persecution on the lives of those forced to flee and honouring their courage and resilience.
‘It is also a moment for paying tribute to the communities and States that receive and host them, often in remote border regions affected by poverty, instability and underdevelopment, and beyond the gaze of international attention.
”Nine out of ten refugees are today living in poor and middle income countries close to situations of conflict,’’ he said.
Ban said forced displacement has reached unprecedented levels, with more than 65 million people uprooted from their homes globally.
He said that new and recurring conflicts, and ever-more disturbing forms of violence and persecution, are driving people to flee in search of safety within their own countries, or to cross international borders as asylum seekers or refugees.
Others, he said, are living in long-term exile, as solutions to protracted conflicts remain elusive.
At the end of 2015, he said, there were 21.3 million refugees, 3.2 million people in the process of seeking asylum, and 40.8 million people internally displaced within their own countries.
In 2015, more than one million refugees and migrants arrived in Europe across the Mediterranean, in unseaworthy dinghies and flimsy boats.
Thousands, he said, did not make it, tragic testimony to our collective failure to properly address their plight.
Meanwhile, he said that divisive political rhetoric on asylum and migration issues, rising xenophobia and restrictions on access to asylum have become increasingly visible in certain regions.
The UN chief said that the spirit of shared responsibility has been replaced by a hate-filled narrative of intolerance.
“We see a worrisome increase in the use of detention and in the construction of fences and other barriers.
“With anti-refugee rhetoric so loud, it is sometimes difficult to hear the voices of welcome.
“These do exist, all around the world.
“In the past year, in many countries and regions, we have witnessed an extraordinary outpouring of compassion and solidarity, as
ordinary people and communities have opened their homes and their hearts to refugees, and States have welcomed new arrivals even while already hosting large numbers of refugees.
“There is an urgent need to build on and amplify these positive examples.
“Our responses to refugees must be grounded in our shared values of responsibility sharing, non-discrimination, and human rights and in international refugee law, including the principle of non-refoulement,’ he added.
On September 19, he said, the UN High-Level Plenary of the General Assembly on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants will offer a historic opportunity to agree a global compact, with a commitment towards collective action and greater shared responsibility for refugees at its core.
Report also says that on September 20, at the Assembly, U.S. President Barack Obama will host a Leaders’ Summit on Refugees, asking nations to make concrete commitments toward expanding the humanitarian safety net and creating more long-term, durable opportunities for refugees.